The goal of the New Car Hit Test, the European New Car Assessment Program (Euro NCAP) introduced a new test system for new cars in 2015 yesterday. This new procedure is claimed to aim to determine the overall level of car safety.
All new cars are tested with various ice accidents. Euro NCAP conducts simulations which are claimed to be able to measure the impact of crashes from the front and side, the car rolled over to the impact of collisions on pedestrians. For more details, here are some of the reasons underlying the hit test:
Initially a front crash test was developed by the European Enhanced Vehicle-safety Committee. In the test, the car was directed to hit a barrier with a speed of 64 km / hour. This is done to determine the risk of injury to the driver and passenger when crashing from the front.
Frontal impact is the most basic test in accident testing. The simulation is done by using a male doll as a driver. Sometimes there are also other dolls on the passenger side.
Then in 2015, Euro NCAP introduced the latest front crash test system. The car being tested is directed at a speed of 50 km / hour. The difference is, besides having a male doll in the driver’s seat, added a girl’s doll on the back.
Side Hit Test (Pole Side Impact)
This crash test consists when the tested car is projected to the side at a speed of 32 km / h to the rigid pole and is relatively narrow. If in the car there is no air bag for the driver, we can be sure the driver will experience severe head injury.
The side crash test aims to measure the integrity of the vehicle’s structure, and test the potential for injury to the driver’s head. Before 2009 this test was only an addition.
Pedestrian Impact Test
Car accidents can also involve pedestrians. Therefore it is necessary to have a test to test the impact of a collision on someone outside the vehicle. This makes Pedestrian Impact an important segment of Euro NCAP testing procedures
There were three types of impact tested, namely the Leg form, the Upper Leg form (the impact on the upper leg including the abdomen and chest) and the Head form impactor (the wound on the head). with a speed of 40 km / h.
In addition to crash tests like the ones mentioned above, Euro NCAP also tests the features of modern cars. Not only that, the impact of the accident was also tested by taking into account child protection by using ISOFIX and whiplash in the case of accidents coming from behind.
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
The ESC test aims to test the level of ability of active safety features on vehicles. Tests are carried out to evaluate steering direction and behavior simultaneously. Tests are carried out based on double track change maneuvers.
Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB)
On AEB testing, Euro NCAP applied three different driving scenarios. First test the car in the direction of another car in a state of silence at speeds between 30-80 km / h. The second is to test in the direction of another car but in a state of walking together. The latter follows another vehicle that suddenly brakes from 50 km / hour.
Active Safety Systems (Advanced Active Safety Systems)
Euro NCAP presents awards to cars equipped with active security features, such as Attention Assist, Automatic Emergency Call, Blind Spot Monitoring, Emergency Braking, Lane Support systems, Speed Alert Systems, and Pre-Crash mitigation systems.